Panorama Racławicka – how it is called in Polish is one of the best things I have ever seen. It’s a monumental cycloramic painting, 15 meters high and 114 meters wide, teling a story about the Battle of Racławice, which had place durin Kościuszko Uprising. It was created between years 1893 and 1894 by Jan Styka and Wojciech Kossak with the assist of Ludwik Boller, Tadeusz Popiel, Zygmunt Rozwadowski, Teodor Axentowicz, Włodzimierz Tetmajer, Wincenty Wondzinowski and Michał Sozański. The project was conceived for the 100th anniversary of the victorious Battle of Racławice (4th of April 1794) a heroic but ultimately failed attempt to defend Polish independence. For the nation which had lost its independence, the memory of this glorious victory was particularly important.
It’s original place was in Lwów, Ukraine
After World War II the painting was brought to Wrocław but the Communistic regime didn’t alow it’s restoration up until August 1980.
The panorama stands in a circular fashion and with the viewer in the center, presents different scenes at various viewing angles. A special kind of perspective used in the painting and additional effects (lighting, artificial terrain) create a feeling of reality.